Pus cells in semen, also known as pyospermia, refer to the presence of white blood cells (WBCs) in the seminal fluid. While it’s normal to have a small number of WBCs in semen, an elevated count could indicate an underlying issue.
Semen analysis plays a crucial role in assessing male fertility and reproductive health. Among the parameters evaluated, the presence of pus cells, or leukocytes, in semen can provide essential diagnostic clues.
Pus cells in semen, also known as pyospermia, refer to the presence of white blood cells (WBCs) in the seminal fluid. While it’s normal to have a small number of WBCs in semen, an elevated count could indicate an underlying issue. Here’s an article providing more insights into this topic:
What Are Pus Cells in Semen
Pus cells, essentially white blood cells, are part of the body’s defense mechanism against infections. Their presence in semen is a normal occurrence in low quantities. However, an elevated count may signify an underlying issue.
Causes of Elevated Pus Cells in Semen:-
1.Infections:- Bacterial or viral infections of the reproductive tract, such as prostatitis or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like gonorrhea or chlamydia, can lead to an increase in pus cells in semen.
2.Inflammation:- Any inflammation within the reproductive system, including the prostate or seminal vesicles, can prompt an increase in white blood cells.
3.Genitourinary Issues:- Conditions like epididymitis, urethritis, or seminal vesiculitis can elevate the white blood cell count in semen.
4.Varicocele:-A varicose vein in the testicles can cause an immune response, leading to an increased presence of white blood cells.
Assessment and Diagnosis:
A comprehensive semen analysis is essential to determine the quantity of pus cells present. Typically, a sample is obtained through ejaculation and examined under a microscope. Further tests might be necessary to identify the underlying cause, such as bacterial cultures or STI screenings.
Treatment and Management:-
Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Antibiotics are often prescribed for bacterial infections, while anti-inflammatory medications might be recommended for conditions causing inflammation. Lifestyle changes, such as improved hygiene practices or safer sexual habits, might also be advised.
Pus cells in semen can indicate various underlying issues affecting male reproductive health. Consulting a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management is crucial for addressing any concerns related to elevated levels of these cells in semen.