Bladder Stone

Bladder stones are either formed within the bladder as a result of blockage of urine or they come down from the kidneys and get stuck in the bladder.

Here are some symptoms of bladder stones

How are bladder stones diagnosed ?

  • Usually the urine routine and microscopy test reveals blood in urine (RBCs)
  • Ultrasound is one of the best investigations for Bladder Stones
  • Bladder stone may get stuck in the pipe of urine called urethra and may be visible on an X ray of the lower abdomen

What is the treatment for bladder stones ?

The treatment of bladder stones depends on the size of the stones

Stone SizePreferred Treatment
Less than 1 cmUsually medicines to dissolve the stone and open the passage of urine are tried
Endoscopic laser surgery may be needed if stone does not pass with medicines
1 to 2 cmsStones between 1 to 2 cms are removed endoscopically without any cut through the urinary passage itself
This procedure is called Cystolithotripsy (CLT)
2 to 4 cmStone which are larger need a 6 to 8mm hole in the lower abdomen to remove. This route is used to prevent injury or damage to the urine pipe (Urethra). This procedure is called Per-Cutaneous Cystolithotripsy (CLT)
More than 4 cmsStones more than 4 cm are usually removed via an open incision.
This procedure is called Cystolithotomy
Treatment options for bladder stones

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